Geography of Vietnam

Geography of Vietnam

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the   Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos,   and Cambodia
Coordinates: 16 00 N, 106 00 E
Area: total: 329,560 sq km
land: 325,360 sq km
water: 4,200 sq km
Area comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico
Land boundaries: total: 4,639 km
border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km
Coastline: 3,444 km (excludes islands)
Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in   north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season   (mid-October to mid-March)
Terrain: low, flat delta in south and   north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 mhighest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m
Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese,   bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower
Natural hazards: occasional typhoons (May to   January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
Environment current issues: logging and slash-and-burn   agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation;   water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater   contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization   and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho   Chi Minh City
Geography – note: extending 1,650 km north to south,   the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point

SOURCES: The CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State, Area Handbook of the US Library of Congress

One thought on “Geography of Vietnam

  1. Though you didn’t print my researched “Cause” for the War, it is right there, in ‘black and white’, in your report, OIL.


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